## DifferentIal
Equation &Fourier Series – MS 231

Disciplines : B.E.
Electronic Engineering

Term : First Term Second Year

Effective : 09ES-Batch
and onwards

Marks : Theory (100) Practical
(00)

** **

__Objectives:__ The
objective of this course is to acquaint the students with differential
equations and their applications in engineering.

__Course Outline:__

**Differential Equation of First Order **

Differential equation and their
classification, Formation of differential equations, Solution of differential
equations, initial and boundary conditions. Methods of solution of differential
equation of first order and first-degree : Separable equations, Homogeneous
equations, Equations reducible to homogenous, Exact differential equations,
integrating, factor, Linear equations, Bernoulli equations, Orthogonal
trajectories in Cartesian and polar coordinates, Applications of first order
differential equations : Equations solvable for p, For y and for x. Clairaut’s
equation.

**Higher Order
Linear Differential Equations **

Homogenous linear equations of order n
with constant coefficients, Auxiliary / characteristic equations. Solution of
higher order differential equation according to the roots of auxiliary
equation. (Real & distinct, Real & repeated & Complex).
Non-homogenous linear equations, Working rules for finding particular integral,
Cauchy-Euler equation, Method of variation of parameters of solving the
differential equation, Applications of higher order linear differential
equations.

Case studies: First and second order
differential equations.

**Introduction
to partial differential equations: **

Methods of separable variable, Laplace equation, Wave equation and one dimensional heat
equation.

**Infinite Series **

Introduction to sequence and series.
Harmonic series, Convergence and divergence of infinite series. Ration test,
Root test, Raabe’s test and integral test.

**Fourier Series**

Periodic function, Fourier
coefficients, Fourier series of periodic functions with period 2 , Fourier
series of functions with arbitrary period, Convergence of Fourier series.
Fourier series of odd and even
functions, Half range Fourier cosine and sine series.

**Recommended Books **

- H.K. Dass. “Advance Engineering Mathematics” ISBN
: 81219-0345-9
- Dr. B.S. Grawall. “Higher Engineering Mathematics”
- Dr. S.M Yousif, “Mathematical Methods”

** **

**Circuit
Analysis – ES 203**

Disciplines : B.E.
Electronic Engineering

Term : First Term Second Year

Effective : 09ES-Batch
and onwards

Marks : Theory (100) Practical
(50)

**Objectives:** To teach
the basic concepts and techniques dealing analysis of circuits such as three
phase circuits, two port circuits and magnetically coupled circuits. The course
also addresses techniques for understanding, analyzing the transient responses
of first order and second order circuits.

__Course Outline: __

**Introduction **

Integra-differential equation of
circuits, transient analysis, source-free series and parallel RLC circuits, complete
response of RLC circuit, resonance, lossless I.C circuit, complex forcing
functions, phase relationships for R, L, and C, impedance and admittance , sinusoidal
steady-state response, quality factor, power factor and power factor
improvement, complex frequency, representation of excitations by exponential
functions, single elements responses, forced response with exponential
excitation, introduction to the transformed network, driving point impedance
and admittance, laplace transform methods of first and second order differential
circuits, transient and steady state analysis of circuits for Non-sinusoid AC
excitation, (pulses triangular / square wave forms), three-phase balanced and
unbalanced circuit, three-phase source-load connections, power relationship, magnetically-coupled
circuits (mutual inductance, energy considerations & ideal transformers), variable
frequency network performance, variables frequency response analysis, sinusoidal
frequency analysis, resonant circuits and filter circuits, general two-port
networks, impedance and admittance parameters, transmission parameters, hybrid
parameters and interconnection of two port networks.

__Lab Outline: __

Basic RL and RC circuits, RLC circuit, sinusoidal
steady-state analysis, AC power circuit analysis, poly phase circuits, frequency-domain
analysis and bode plots, network analysis in the s-domain, mutual inductance
and transformers, two-port networks, circuit analysis techniques using software
packages such as PSPICE, electronic workbench, MATLAB / simulink, multi-sim and
lab view.

**Recommended Books **

- Alexeder Charles " Fundamental Circuit
Analysis"
- William H. Hayat, jack Kemmerly and Steven M.
Durbin. “Engineering Circuit Analysis", Seventh Edition, 2006, McGraw-Hill,
ISBN : 0073263184
- Boylested, “Introductory Circuit Analysis “ ISBN
: 0131730444.
- Vincent Del Toro, “Electrical Engineering
Fundamentals “ Second Edition. Prentice Hall. ISBN : 81-203-0599-X
- Thomas L. Floyd “Principles of Electric Circuits”
ISBN : 0132322242.
- Muhammad H. Rashid, “Introduction to PSpice Using
OrCAD for Circuits and Electronics, “ Third Edition 2004. Prentice Hall,
ISBN : 0131019880
- Tront JG “Pspice for basic Circuit Analysis” +CD.
IE. Edition 2005. ISBN : 0073263192.

** **

**Amplifiers
& Oscillators – ES 201**

Disciplines : B.E.
Electronic Engineering

Term : First Term Second Year

Effective : 09ES-Batch
and onwards

Marks : Theory (100) Practical
(50)

**Objectives:** To learn the design, analysis and
construction of electronic amplifiers and oscillators,

__Course
Outline:__

Amplifiers analysis: Transistor as an
amplifier, hybrid model of a transistor, small-signal analysis, bipolar
junction transistor common, emitter common base and common collector
amplifiers, field effect transistor, common drain, common source and common
gate, amplifiers, large-signal analysis, gain calculation of single-stage
amplifier, low frequency response and high frequency response, bode plot,
cascading, multistage gain calculations, classification of amplifiers on the
basis of biasing, class A amplifier, class B amplifier, class AB amplifier,
class C amplifier, push-pull amplifier, complementary symmetry amplifier, classification
of amplifiers on the basis of coupling: RC coupled amplifier, transformer
coupled amplifier, direct coupled amplifier, classification of amplifiers on
the basis of frequency, audio-frequency amplifier, radio-frequency amplifier,
tuned amplifiers. Feedback: feedback concept, feedback amplifiers, voltage
feedback amplifier, current feedback amplifiers, effect of feedback on frequency
response practical amplifier considerations: input and output impedance, amplifier
loading, impedance matching oscillators basic theory, tank circuit, damped and
undamped oscillations, phase-shift oscillator, colpitt oscillator, hartley
oscillator, when Bridge oscillator, clapp oscillator.

__Lab
Outline__:

Transistor curve tracer introduction to
PSPICE and AC voltage dividers, characterization and design of emitter and
source follower, characterization and design of AC variable-gain amplifier,
design of test circuit for BJTs and FETS, design of EFT ring oscillators,
design and characterization of emitter-coupled pairs, tuned amplifiers and oscillators,
design of oscillators.

**Recommended
Books **

- Thomas Floyd, “Electronics Fundamentals: Circuit
Devices and Applications, “ 6
^{th} Edition, 2004, Prentice Hall.
ISBN : 0131111388.
- Thomas Floyd and David Buchla, “Basic Operational
Amplifiers and Linear Integrated Circuits, “Second Edition, 1999, Prentice
Hall, ISBN : 0130829870.

** **

**Digital
Logic Design – ES 202**

Disciplines : B.E.
Electronic Engineering

Term : First Term Second Year

Effective : 09ES-Batch
and onwards

Marks : Theory (100) Practical
(50)

__Objectives:__ To introduce
the concept and tools for the designs of digital electronic circuits.

__Course
Outline: __

Introductory digital concepts. Number
Systems & Conversion.

**Logic
Gates **

Introduction of Digital Logic Gates.
Implementing simple Boolean expressions with logic gates, Concept of universal
gates.

**Boolean
Algebra and Boolean Operations **

Boolean algebra operations, Rules, Laws
and theorems, Boolean function. Truth table, Boolean expressions. Boolean
minimization techniques. Karnaugh Map.

**Combinational
Logic Circuits **

Design of Combinational Logic Circuits,
Half and full adders, Half and full subtractors, encoders, decoders,
Multiplexer, Demultiplexer, Code Converter, Comparators.

**Flip
Flops **

Latch., SR Latch, SR Flip Flop. JK Flip
Master-Slave Flip Flop. Edge triggered flip flop.

**Digital
Circuits**

Implementation of combinational logic
circuits, Fan in and Fan-out of logic gates, TTI & CMOS families, Counters,
Registers.

**Semiconductor
Memory**

Memory terminology, General memory
operation, Read only memories. ROM architecture. Types of ROM Semiconductor
RAM, RAM architecture types of RAM.

**Introduction
to Sequential Machines **

Classification of sequential machine.
Concept of pulse and level digital signals, Understanding word statement and
its key words, State diagram, State table, Flow table, implication table.

**Lab
Outline**

Hardware implementation of
combinational circuits such as MUX / DE MUX. Encoder, Address decoder.
Simulation and hardware implementation of Sequential Circuit such as (Counter, registers,
flip flops) Miniprojects,

**Recommended
Books **

- Marcus. M.. “Switching Circuits for Engineers”
ISBN : 0138799083.
- Ronald J. Tocci “Digital Systems Principle &
Application” ISBN : 0132123746.
- Roger L. Tokheim, “Digital Electronics” McGraw
Hill Publishing Company, ISBN:
00280044615.
- Thomas L. Floyd “Digital Fundamentals” .ISBN :
0675205174.
- William Kleitz “Digital Electronic” (Reference)
- RP. Jain “Modern Digital Electronics. 3
^{rd}
Edition” ISBN: 0073404578.

** **

## Engineering
Economics & Management – BS 201

Disciplines : B.E.
Electronic Engineering

Term : First Term Second Year

Effective : 09ES-Batch
and onwards

Marks : Theory (100) Practical
(00)

__Objectives:__ To
introduce the concept of economics that engineers need to know to carryout
engineering tasks, projects and to teach the principles of management including
the management of human resources as well as projects.

__Course
Outline: __

Basic concepts, engineering economics
definition, measures of financial effectiveness, no monetary values, economic
environment: Consumer and producer goods, measures of economic worth, price,
supply, demand relationship, selection between alternatives having identical
lives, alternatives having different lives, value analysis: Important cost
concepts, cost-benefit analysis, feasibility studies, value analysis in
designing and purchasing, linear programming, mathematical statement of linear
programming problems, graphic solution, simplex procedure, duality problem, depreciation
and valuation, types of depreciation, economic life, profit and interest,
returns to capital, discrete and continuous compounding discounting sinking
fund, problems, capital financing and budgeting, type of ownership, types of
stock, partnership and joint stock companies, banking and specialized credit
institution, theory of productions, factors of production, laws of returns, break-even
charts and relationships, industrial relationship, labor problems, labor
organizations prevention and settlement of disputes.

Introduction, overview and scope of management,
the evolution and emergence of management thought principle of management and
management functions, planning concepts, objectives, strategies and policies, decision
making organizing, departmentalization, line/staff authority, commitments and
group decision making, staffing principles of selection, performance, career
planning leading motivation, leadership, communication, controlling, the System
and process and techniques of controlling, management and Society, future perspective

**Recommended Books **

- Stephen P. Robins. Mary Coulter : Management.
- Leland T. Blank and Anthony J. Tarquin,
“Engineering Economy, “ Sixth Edition, 2004, McGraw Hill. ISBN :
0073205346.
- Avraham Shtub, Jonathan I ; Bard and Shlomo
Globerson. “Project Management: Processes, Methodologies, and Economics” 2
^{nd}
Edition. 2005, Prentice Hall. ISBN : 0130413313.
- Grant and Ireson. “Principles of Engineering
Economy” Latest Edition. ISBN : 0471066656.

** **

**Electrical
Machines – EL 206**

Disciplines : B.E.
Electronic Engineering

Term : Second Term Second Year

Effective : 09ES-Batch
and onwards

Marks : Theory (100) Practical
(50)

**Objectives:** Teach the
concepts, construction, principles of operation and characteristics of
electrical machines.

__Course Outline__**:**

**Transformer **

Magnetic
circuits and calculations, single-phase and polyphase circuits, transformers, principle
of operation, construction, types EMF equation and transformation ratio, equivalent
values and equivalent power circuit diagram, impedance matching Operation and
phasor diagram with and without load, measurement of losses and efficiency, parallel
operation, cooling, three-phase connections, Instrumentation transformers, DC
machines, construction, types, Armature reaction, no load and on load voltage
characteristics of series, Shunt generators, division of loads in parallel
operation, Torque speed characteristics, measurement of losses and efficiency,
AC machines, AC machines armature winding, three-phase windings, MMF of
distributed windings, speed and direction of rotating magnetic filed, induction
motors, types, construction, principle of operation, induced EMF, relation
between stator and rotor quantities, phasor diagram, equivalent circuit diagram,
torque slip power relations, synchronous generator brushless DC motors, switched-reluctance
motors, stepper Motor.

__Lab Outline: __

Characteristics
of DC series and shunt motors, DC series and shunt generates, AC induction
motors, Synchronous generator. Induction generator , Universal motors, Brushless DC
motors and switched reluctance motors, Transformer theory and testing. Features
and operating characteristics of servo motors and stepper motors.

**Recommended Books **

- Stephen J. Chapman, , “Electric Machinery
Fundamentals” ISBN: 0070106622. Me Grew-Hall
- Charles Hubbers, “Electrical Machine”

** **

** **

**Complex
Variables & Transforms –MS 262 **

Disciplines : B.E.
Electronic Engineering

Term : Second Term Second Year

Effective : 09ES-Batch
and onwards

Marks : Theory (100) Practical
(00)

__Objectives:__ Introduce
the concepts of complex variables. Laplace
transform and Fourier transforms in the solution of engineering problems.

__Course Outline: __

**Complex Number Systems and Complex Variable Theory**

Introduction
to complex number systems, argand’s diagram, modules and argument of a complex
number, polar form of a complex number, de moiver’s theorem and its
applications, complex functions, analytical function, harmonic and conjugate
harmonic functions, cauclay-riemann equations (in cartesian and polar coordinates),
line integral, green’s theorem, cauchy’s integral formula, singularities, poles,
residues and contour integration and their application

**Laplace**** Transforms **

Definition, laplace
transforms of elementary functions, properties of Laplace transforms, laplace
transform of derivatives & integral, multiplication by t^{n} and
division by t properties, periodic function and their Laplace
transforms.

Inverse Laplace
transforms and their properties, convolution theorem, inverse Laplace transforms
by integral and partial fraction methods, heaviside’s expansion formula,

Solution of
ordinary differential equations by Laplace transform, applications of Laplace transformation in various field of engineering,

**Series Solution of Differential Equations **

Introduction,
the solution of Po (x) y" + p_{1} (x) y' + = p_{2} (x) y =
0, Validity of solution, ordinary point, singular point, frobenius method,
Indicial equation, bassel’s differential equation, bassel ‘s function of first
kind and its recurrence formulae.

Legendre
differential equation and its solution, rodriguez formula,

**Fourier Transform **

Definition, fourier
transform of simple functions, magnitude and phase spectra, Fourier transform
theorems, inverse fourier transform, solution of differential equation using fourier
transform, introduction to Z-transform.

**Recommended Books**

- H.K. Dass, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”
ISBN: 81219-0345-9.
- Dr, B.S Grawall, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”
- Erwin Kreyzing “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”
ISBN: 0471154962.
- Sham Series, “Laplace
Transform” ISBN: 00706023 IX.

** **

**Microprocessor
Architecture & Interfacing – ES 206**

Disciplines : B.E.
Electronic Engineering

Term : Second Term Second Year

Effective : 09ES-Batch
and onwards

Marks : Theory (100) Practical
(50)

__Objectives:__ Teach the
architecture, programming, interfacing and applications of microprocessors,

__Course
Outline: __

**Computer
Architecture**

Computer organization, architecture, memory
organization instruction set, CPU organization and microcomputer operation.

**Microprocessor**

Introduction to Intel family microprocessors,
instruction set architecture (ISA), pin diagram description, instruction & addressing
mode, assembly language programming hardware model.

**Interfacing**

Read write cycle exception / interrupt
processing, memory organization, introduction, interfacing with memory (RAM &
ROM) and 1/0 devices, interfacing practical 1/0 ports (serial & parallel), memory
map & address decoding introduction to MDS, single board computer, flying
probe, microprocessor based central temperature control systems, others
applications,

__Lab
Outline: __

Study of Intel family microprocessor
(8085. 8086. 86000) using training boards, implementation of interfacing
techniques to memory systems and different 1/O devices, learning &
implementation of various applications (stepper motor, DC motors speed control,
temperature control, traffic light control

**Recommended
Books **

- Barry B. Brey “Intel
Microprocessors 8086, 8088, 80188, 80286, 80486. Pentium. Pentium
ProProcessor. Pentium P-II, P-III, PIV” , 6
^{Th} Edition, 2006
Prentice Hall, ISBN, 81-3717-1428-4
- Douglus V, Hal, “Microprocessor
& Interfacing” Revised Edition – 2005 TATA Me Grew-Hill,
ISBN-10:007060167-4.
- Schum Series
“Microprocessor Fundamental”.
- “Bary Microprocessor
Principle and Applications”. Charles M.Gilmore.

** **

**Instrumentation
& Measurements – ES 204**

Disciplines : B.E.
Electronic Engineering

Term : Second Term Second Year

Effective : 09ES-Batch
and onwards

Marks : Theory (100) Practical
(50)

__Objectives:__
Introduce the concepts and the
methods and instruments for the measurements of electrical and non-electrical
quantities.

__Course
Outline: __

**Introduction
**

Classification, performance and characteristics,
absolute and secondary instruments, indicating, recording and integrating
instruments, controlling, balancing and damping, static and dynamic
characteristics. & Calibration.

**Ammeter
and Voltmeter **

Classification, moving iron, moving
coil, thermal, electrostatic and induction type, errors, shunts and
multipliers, extension of ranges, CTs and PTs their burden and accuracy

**Power
and Energy Meters **

Wattmeter types, active and Reactive
power measurement. Maximum Demand indicator. Classification of energy meter, KWH
meter, KVAR meter, P.F (power factor) meter.

**Electronic
Instruments **

Analog and digital voltmeters, counters,
digital frequency meter, time interval measurement, R.I.C meter. Power and
energy meter, oscilloscope and its use, R.E. Power & Voltage measurement, introduction
to A/D and D/A conversion.

**Transducers
**

Variable, Resistance and inductance transducers,
linear variable differential transformer (LVDT), capacitive, Photoconductive,
Piezo-Electric Transducers, thermo electric transducers, Filtering, Signal
conditioning data acquisition

**Measurement
of Non-Electrical Quantities **

Measurement of temperature, pressure,
flow, strain, thermal conductivity, motion, speed and vibrations, thermal and nuclear
radiations

**Lab
Outline: **

Construction & analysis of
measurement circuits, use of measuring instruments i.e. (multimeters, frequency
counters, oscilloscope, clamp meter), use of different types of transducers, study
of data acquisition systems, calibration producer, introduction of instrument
systems in industrial section, use of simulation & instrumentation
languages (Lab view)

**Recommended
Books **

- W.D Cooper “Modern
Electronic Instrumentation & Measurements Techniques” ISBN:
0135932947.
- A.K. Sawhney “A Course
in Electrical and Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation” Edition
2005.
- Northrop “Introduction
to Instrumentation and Measurements. Edition 2005, ISBN : 0849378982.

** **

**Electromagnetic
Field Theory – ES 205**

Disciplines : B.E.
Electronic Engineering

Term : Second Term Second Year

Effective : 09ES-Batch
and onwards

Marks : Theory (100) Practical
(00)

__Objectives:__ Introduce
the concept and mathematical methods to understand and analyze electromagnetic
fields and waves.

__Course
Outline: __

Review of vector analysis &
co-ordinate systems, gradient, divergence and curl of a vector.

**The
Steady Electric Fields **

Coulomb’s law, electric field
intensity, field intensity due to a point charge, line charge, sheet of charge
and continuous volume charge density.

Electric flux and flux density, Guass’s
Law and its applications, divergence theorem.

work done in moving a point charge, potential
and potential difference, potential gradient, relation between E and V, equiotential
surface, capacitance & electrostatic energy.

**Poisson’s
and Laplace’s Equations **

Introduction, poisson’s and Laplace’s
equations, cartesian solution of Laplace’s
equation, determination of E by the method of images.

**The
Study Magnetic Fields. **

Magnetic flux and flux density, bio-savart
Law, stoke's theorem, the field due to solenoid and toroid, Vector potential, force
on a moving charge and a differential current element, force & torque on a
closed circuit, Magnetization & permeability, time varying fields and maxwell’s
equations, Faraday’s law, continuity equation, inconsistency of ampere’s law, displacement
current, modified ampere’s law, maxwell’s equations in point and integral form.

**Recommended
Books **

- Karaus, J.D.. and Kraver, K.R. “Electromagnetic”.
International Edition. 1992. ISBN : 0070353964. Me Grow-Hill
- Jordan, E.C. “Electromagnetic Concepts and
Applications” International Edition. Prentice-Hall
- Marshall S.V. “Electromagnetic Concepts and Applications”
International Edition 1990. ISBN : 0132509601. Prentice-Hall
- Richard I. Coren, “Basic Engineering
Electromagnetic (An Applied Approach)”. Prentice-Hall international
Edition. 1990. ISBN : 0130603691.
- William. H. Hayat “Engineering Electromagnetic”
ISBN : 007230424-3