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## DifferentIal Equation &Fourier Series – MS 231

Disciplines                               :           B.E. Electronic Engineering

Term                                        :           First Term Second Year

Effective                                  :           09ES-Batch and onwards

Marks                                      :           Theory (100)               Practical (00) Objectives:      The objective of this course is to acquaint the students with differential equations and their applications in engineering.

Course Outline:

Differential Equation of First Order

Differential equation and their classification, Formation of differential equations, Solution of differential equations, initial and boundary conditions. Methods of solution of differential equation of first order and first-degree : Separable equations, Homogeneous equations, Equations reducible to homogenous, Exact differential equations, integrating, factor, Linear equations, Bernoulli equations, Orthogonal trajectories in Cartesian and polar coordinates, Applications of first order differential equations : Equations solvable for p, For y and for x. Clairaut’s equation.

Higher Order Linear Differential Equations

Homogenous linear equations of order n with constant coefficients, Auxiliary / characteristic equations. Solution of higher order differential equation according to the roots of auxiliary equation. (Real & distinct, Real & repeated & Complex). Non-homogenous linear equations, Working rules for finding particular integral, Cauchy-Euler equation, Method of variation of parameters of solving the differential equation, Applications of higher order linear differential equations.

Case studies: First and second order differential equations.

Introduction to partial differential equations:

Methods of separable variable, Laplace equation, Wave equation and one dimensional heat equation.

Infinite Series

Introduction to sequence and series. Harmonic series, Convergence and divergence of infinite series. Ration test, Root test, Raabe’s test and integral test.

Fourier Series

Periodic function, Fourier coefficients, Fourier series of periodic functions with period 2 , Fourier series of functions with arbitrary period, Convergence of Fourier series. Fourier series of odd  and even functions, Half range Fourier cosine and sine series.

Recommended Books

1. H.K. Dass. “Advance Engineering Mathematics” ISBN : 81219-0345-9
2. Dr. B.S. Grawall. “Higher Engineering Mathematics”
3. Dr. S.M Yousif, “Mathematical Methods” ## Circuit Analysis – ES 203

Disciplines                               :           B.E. Electronic Engineering

Term                                        :           First Term Second Year

Effective                                  :           09ES-Batch and onwards

Marks                                      :           Theory (100)               Practical (50) Objectives:      To teach the basic concepts and techniques dealing analysis of circuits such as three phase circuits, two port circuits and magnetically coupled circuits. The course also addresses techniques for understanding, analyzing the transient responses of first order and second order circuits.

Course Outline:

Introduction

Integra-differential equation of circuits, transient analysis, source-free series and parallel RLC circuits, complete response of RLC circuit, resonance, lossless I.C circuit, complex forcing functions, phase relationships for R, L, and C, impedance and admittance , sinusoidal steady-state response, quality factor, power factor and power factor improvement, complex frequency, representation of excitations by exponential functions, single elements responses, forced response with exponential excitation, introduction to the transformed network, driving point impedance and admittance, laplace transform methods of first and second order differential circuits, transient and steady state analysis of circuits for Non-sinusoid AC excitation, (pulses triangular / square wave forms), three-phase balanced and unbalanced circuit, three-phase source-load connections, power relationship, magnetically-coupled circuits (mutual inductance, energy considerations & ideal transformers), variable frequency network performance, variables frequency response analysis, sinusoidal frequency analysis, resonant circuits and filter circuits, general two-port networks, impedance and admittance parameters, transmission parameters, hybrid parameters and interconnection of two port networks.

Lab Outline:

Basic RL and RC circuits, RLC circuit, sinusoidal steady-state analysis, AC power circuit analysis, poly phase circuits, frequency-domain analysis and bode plots, network analysis in the s-domain, mutual inductance and transformers, two-port networks, circuit analysis techniques using software packages such as PSPICE, electronic workbench, MATLAB / simulink, multi-sim and lab view.

Recommended Books

1. Alexeder Charles " Fundamental Circuit Analysis"
2. William H. Hayat, jack Kemmerly and Steven M. Durbin. “Engineering Circuit Analysis",   Seventh Edition, 2006, McGraw-Hill, ISBN : 0073263184
3. Boylested, “Introductory Circuit Analysis “ ISBN : 0131730444.
4. Vincent Del Toro, “Electrical Engineering Fundamentals “ Second Edition. Prentice Hall. ISBN : 81-203-0599-X
5. Thomas L. Floyd “Principles of Electric Circuits” ISBN : 0132322242.
6. Muhammad H. Rashid, “Introduction to PSpice Using OrCAD for Circuits and Electronics, “ Third Edition 2004. Prentice Hall, ISBN : 0131019880
7. Tront JG “Pspice for basic Circuit Analysis” +CD. IE. Edition 2005. ISBN : 0073263192. ## Amplifiers & Oscillators – ES 201

Disciplines                               :           B.E. Electronic Engineering

Term                                        :           First Term Second Year

Effective                                  :           09ES-Batch and onwards

Marks                                      :           Theory (100)               Practical (50) Objectives:      To learn the design, analysis and construction of electronic amplifiers and oscillators,

Course Outline:

Amplifiers analysis: Transistor as an amplifier, hybrid model of a transistor, small-signal analysis, bipolar junction transistor common, emitter common base and common collector amplifiers, field effect transistor, common drain, common source and common gate, amplifiers, large-signal analysis, gain calculation of single-stage amplifier, low frequency response and high frequency response, bode plot, cascading, multistage gain calculations, classification of amplifiers on the basis of biasing, class A amplifier, class B amplifier, class AB amplifier, class C amplifier, push-pull amplifier, complementary symmetry amplifier, classification of amplifiers on the basis of coupling: RC coupled amplifier, transformer coupled amplifier, direct coupled amplifier, classification of amplifiers on the basis of frequency, audio-frequency amplifier, radio-frequency amplifier, tuned amplifiers. Feedback: feedback concept, feedback amplifiers, voltage feedback amplifier, current feedback amplifiers, effect of feedback on frequency response practical amplifier considerations: input and output impedance, amplifier loading, impedance matching oscillators basic theory, tank circuit, damped and undamped oscillations, phase-shift oscillator, colpitt oscillator, hartley oscillator, when Bridge oscillator, clapp oscillator.

Lab Outline:

Transistor curve tracer introduction to PSPICE and AC voltage dividers, characterization and design of emitter and source follower, characterization and design of AC variable-gain amplifier, design of test circuit for BJTs and FETS, design of EFT ring oscillators, design and characterization of emitter-coupled pairs, tuned amplifiers and oscillators, design of oscillators.

Recommended Books

1. Thomas Floyd, “Electronics Fundamentals: Circuit Devices and Applications, “ 6th Edition, 2004, Prentice Hall. ISBN : 0131111388.
2. Thomas Floyd and David Buchla, “Basic Operational Amplifiers and Linear Integrated Circuits, “Second Edition, 1999, Prentice Hall, ISBN : 0130829870. ## Digital Logic Design – ES 202

Disciplines                               :           B.E. Electronic Engineering

Term                                        :           First Term Second Year

Effective                                  :           09ES-Batch and onwards

Marks                                      :           Theory (100)               Practical (50) Objectives:      To introduce the concept and tools for the designs of digital electronic circuits.

Course Outline:

Introductory digital concepts. Number Systems & Conversion.

Logic Gates

Introduction of Digital Logic Gates. Implementing simple Boolean expressions with logic gates, Concept of universal gates.

Boolean Algebra and Boolean Operations

Boolean algebra operations, Rules, Laws and theorems, Boolean function. Truth table, Boolean expressions. Boolean minimization techniques. Karnaugh Map.

Combinational Logic Circuits

Design of Combinational Logic Circuits, Half and full adders, Half and full subtractors, encoders, decoders, Multiplexer, Demultiplexer, Code Converter, Comparators.

Flip Flops

Latch., SR Latch, SR Flip Flop. JK Flip Master-Slave Flip Flop. Edge triggered flip flop.

Digital Circuits

Implementation of combinational logic circuits, Fan in and Fan-out of logic gates, TTI & CMOS families, Counters, Registers.

Semiconductor Memory

Memory terminology, General memory operation, Read only memories. ROM architecture. Types of ROM Semiconductor RAM, RAM architecture types of RAM.

Introduction to Sequential Machines

Classification of sequential machine. Concept of pulse and level digital signals, Understanding word statement and its key words, State diagram, State table, Flow table, implication table.

Lab Outline

Hardware implementation of combinational circuits such as MUX / DE MUX. Encoder, Address decoder. Simulation and hardware implementation of Sequential Circuit such as (Counter, registers, flip flops) Miniprojects,

Recommended Books

1. Marcus. M.. “Switching Circuits for Engineers” ISBN : 0138799083.
2. Ronald J. Tocci “Digital Systems Principle & Application” ISBN : 0132123746.
3. Roger L. Tokheim, “Digital Electronics” McGraw Hill Publishing Company,                                        ISBN: 00280044615.
4. Thomas L. Floyd “Digital Fundamentals” .ISBN : 0675205174.
5. William Kleitz “Digital Electronic” (Reference)
6. RP. Jain “Modern Digital Electronics. 3rd Edition” ISBN: 0073404578. ## Engineering Economics & Management – BS 201

Disciplines                               :           B.E. Electronic Engineering

Term                                        :           First Term Second Year

Effective                                  :           09ES-Batch and onwards

Marks                                      :           Theory (100)               Practical (00) Objectives:      To introduce the concept of economics that engineers need to know to carryout engineering tasks, projects and to teach the principles of management including the management of human resources as well as projects.

Course Outline:

Basic concepts, engineering economics definition, measures of financial effectiveness, no monetary values, economic environment: Consumer and producer goods, measures of economic worth, price, supply, demand relationship, selection between alternatives having identical lives, alternatives having different lives, value analysis: Important cost concepts, cost-benefit analysis, feasibility studies, value analysis in designing and purchasing, linear programming, mathematical statement of linear programming problems, graphic solution, simplex procedure, duality problem, depreciation and valuation, types of depreciation, economic life, profit and interest, returns to capital, discrete and continuous compounding discounting sinking fund, problems, capital financing and budgeting, type of ownership, types of stock, partnership and joint stock companies, banking and specialized credit institution, theory of productions, factors of production, laws of returns, break-even charts and relationships, industrial relationship, labor problems, labor organizations prevention and settlement of disputes.

Introduction, overview and scope of management, the evolution and emergence of management thought principle of management and management functions, planning concepts, objectives, strategies and policies, decision making organizing, departmentalization, line/staff authority, commitments and group decision making, staffing principles of selection, performance, career planning leading motivation, leadership, communication, controlling, the System and process and techniques of controlling, management and Society,  future perspective

Recommended Books

1. Stephen P. Robins. Mary Coulter : Management.
2. Leland T. Blank and Anthony J. Tarquin, “Engineering Economy, “ Sixth Edition, 2004, McGraw Hill. ISBN : 0073205346.
3. Avraham Shtub, Jonathan I ; Bard and Shlomo Globerson. “Project Management: Processes, Methodologies, and Economics” 2nd Edition. 2005, Prentice Hall. ISBN : 0130413313.
4. Grant and Ireson. “Principles of Engineering Economy” Latest Edition. ISBN : 0471066656. ## Electrical Machines – EL 206

Disciplines                               :           B.E. Electronic Engineering

Term                                        :           Second Term Second Year

Effective                                  :           09ES-Batch and onwards

Marks                                      :           Theory (100)               Practical (50) Objectives:      Teach the concepts, construction, principles of operation and characteristics of electrical machines.

Course Outline:

Transformer

Magnetic circuits and calculations, single-phase and polyphase circuits, transformers, principle of operation, construction, types EMF equation and transformation ratio, equivalent values and equivalent power circuit diagram, impedance matching Operation and phasor diagram with and without load, measurement of losses and efficiency, parallel operation, cooling, three-phase connections, Instrumentation transformers, DC machines, construction, types, Armature reaction, no load and on load voltage characteristics of series, Shunt generators, division of loads in parallel operation, Torque speed characteristics, measurement of losses and efficiency, AC machines, AC machines armature winding, three-phase windings, MMF of distributed windings, speed and direction of rotating magnetic filed, induction motors, types, construction, principle of operation, induced EMF, relation between stator and rotor quantities, phasor diagram, equivalent circuit diagram, torque slip power relations, synchronous generator brushless DC motors, switched-reluctance motors, stepper Motor.

Lab Outline:

Characteristics of DC series and shunt motors, DC series and shunt generates, AC induction motors, Synchronous generator. Induction generator , Universal motors, Brushless DC motors and switched reluctance motors, Transformer theory and testing. Features and operating characteristics of servo motors and stepper motors.

Recommended Books

1. Stephen J. Chapman, , “Electric Machinery Fundamentals” ISBN: 0070106622. Me Grew-Hall
2. Charles Hubbers, “Electrical Machine” ## Complex Variables & Transforms –MS 262

Disciplines                               :           B.E. Electronic Engineering

Term                                        :           Second Term Second Year

Effective                                  :           09ES-Batch and onwards

Marks                                      :           Theory (100)               Practical (00) Objectives:      Introduce the concepts of complex variables. Laplace transform and Fourier transforms in the solution of engineering problems.

Course Outline:

Complex Number Systems and Complex Variable Theory

Introduction to complex number systems, argand’s diagram, modules and argument of a complex number, polar form of a complex number, de moiver’s theorem and its applications, complex functions, analytical function, harmonic and conjugate harmonic functions, cauclay-riemann equations (in cartesian and polar coordinates), line integral, green’s theorem, cauchy’s integral formula, singularities, poles, residues and contour integration and their application

Laplace Transforms

Definition, laplace transforms of elementary functions, properties of Laplace transforms, laplace transform of derivatives & integral, multiplication by tn and division by t properties, periodic function and their Laplace transforms.

Inverse Laplace transforms and their properties, convolution theorem, inverse Laplace transforms by integral and partial fraction methods, heaviside’s expansion formula,

Solution of ordinary differential equations by Laplace transform, applications of Laplace transformation in various field of engineering,

Series Solution of Differential Equations

Introduction, the solution of Po (x) y" + p1 (x) y' + = p2 (x) y = 0, Validity of solution, ordinary point, singular point, frobenius method, Indicial equation, bassel’s differential equation, bassel ‘s function of first kind and its recurrence formulae.

Legendre differential equation and its solution, rodriguez formula,

Fourier Transform

Definition, fourier transform of simple functions, magnitude and phase spectra, Fourier transform theorems, inverse fourier transform, solution of differential equation using fourier transform, introduction to Z-transform.

Recommended Books

1. H.K. Dass, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics” ISBN: 81219-0345-9.
2. Dr, B.S Grawall, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”
3. Erwin Kreyzing “Advanced Engineering Mathematics” ISBN: 0471154962.
4. Sham Series, “Laplace Transform” ISBN: 00706023 IX. ## Microprocessor Architecture & Interfacing – ES 206

Disciplines                               :           B.E. Electronic Engineering

Term                                        :           Second Term Second Year

Effective                                  :           09ES-Batch and onwards

Marks                                      :           Theory (100)               Practical (50) Objectives:      Teach the architecture, programming, interfacing and applications of microprocessors,

Course Outline:

Computer Architecture

Computer organization, architecture, memory organization instruction set, CPU organization and microcomputer operation.

Microprocessor

Introduction to Intel family microprocessors, instruction set architecture (ISA), pin diagram description, instruction & addressing mode, assembly language programming hardware model.

Interfacing

Read write cycle exception / interrupt processing, memory organization, introduction, interfacing with memory (RAM & ROM) and 1/0 devices, interfacing practical 1/0 ports (serial & parallel), memory map & address decoding introduction to MDS, single board computer, flying probe, microprocessor based central temperature control systems, others applications,

Lab Outline:

Study of Intel family microprocessor (8085. 8086. 86000) using training boards, implementation of interfacing techniques to memory systems and different 1/O devices, learning & implementation of various applications (stepper motor, DC motors speed control, temperature control, traffic light control

Recommended Books

1. Barry B. Brey “Intel Microprocessors 8086, 8088, 80188, 80286, 80486. Pentium. Pentium ProProcessor. Pentium P-II, P-III, PIV” , 6Th Edition, 2006 Prentice Hall, ISBN, 81-3717-1428-4
2. Douglus V, Hal, “Microprocessor & Interfacing” Revised Edition – 2005 TATA Me Grew-Hill, ISBN-10:007060167-4.
3. Schum Series “Microprocessor Fundamental”.
4. “Bary Microprocessor Principle and Applications”. Charles M.Gilmore. ## Instrumentation & Measurements – ES 204

Disciplines                               :           B.E. Electronic Engineering

Term                                        :           Second Term Second Year

Effective                                  :           09ES-Batch and onwards

Marks                                      :           Theory (100)               Practical (50) Objectives:      Introduce the concepts and the methods and instruments for the measurements of electrical and non-electrical quantities.

Course Outline:

Introduction

Classification, performance and characteristics, absolute and secondary instruments, indicating, recording and integrating instruments, controlling, balancing and damping, static and dynamic characteristics. & Calibration.

Ammeter and Voltmeter

Classification, moving iron, moving coil, thermal, electrostatic and induction type, errors, shunts and multipliers, extension of ranges, CTs and PTs their burden and accuracy

Power and Energy Meters

Wattmeter types, active and Reactive power measurement. Maximum Demand indicator. Classification of energy meter, KWH meter, KVAR meter, P.F (power factor) meter.

Electronic Instruments

Analog and digital voltmeters, counters, digital frequency meter, time interval measurement, R.I.C meter. Power and energy meter, oscilloscope and its use, R.E. Power & Voltage measurement, introduction to A/D and D/A conversion.

Transducers

Variable, Resistance and inductance transducers, linear variable differential transformer (LVDT), capacitive, Photoconductive, Piezo-Electric Transducers, thermo electric transducers, Filtering, Signal conditioning data acquisition

Measurement of Non-Electrical Quantities

Measurement of temperature, pressure, flow, strain, thermal conductivity, motion, speed and vibrations, thermal and nuclear radiations

Lab Outline:

Construction & analysis of measurement circuits, use of measuring instruments i.e. (multimeters, frequency counters, oscilloscope, clamp meter), use of different types of transducers, study of data acquisition systems, calibration producer, introduction of instrument systems in industrial section, use of simulation & instrumentation languages (Lab view)

Recommended Books

1. W.D Cooper “Modern Electronic Instrumentation & Measurements Techniques”                           ISBN: 0135932947.
2. A.K. Sawhney “A Course in Electrical and Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation” Edition 2005.
3. Northrop “Introduction to Instrumentation and Measurements. Edition 2005, ISBN : 0849378982. ## Electromagnetic Field Theory – ES 205

Disciplines                               :           B.E. Electronic Engineering

Term                                        :           Second Term Second Year

Effective                                  :           09ES-Batch and onwards

Marks                                      :           Theory (100)               Practical (00) Objectives:      Introduce the concept and mathematical methods to understand and analyze electromagnetic fields and waves.

Course Outline:

Review of vector analysis & co-ordinate systems, gradient, divergence and curl of a vector.

Coulomb’s law, electric field intensity, field intensity due to a point charge, line charge, sheet of charge and continuous volume charge density.

Electric flux and flux density, Guass’s Law and its applications, divergence theorem.

work done in moving a point charge, potential and potential difference, potential gradient, relation between E and V, equiotential surface, capacitance & electrostatic energy.

Poisson’s and Laplace’s Equations

Introduction, poisson’s and Laplace’s equations, cartesian solution of Laplace’s equation, determination of E by the method of images.

The Study Magnetic Fields.

Magnetic flux and flux density, bio-savart Law, stoke's theorem, the field due to solenoid and toroid, Vector potential, force on a moving charge and a differential current element, force & torque on a closed circuit, Magnetization & permeability, time varying fields and maxwell’s equations, Faraday’s law, continuity equation, inconsistency of ampere’s law, displacement current, modified ampere’s law, maxwell’s equations in point and integral form.

Recommended Books

1. Karaus, J.D.. and Kraver, K.R. “Electromagnetic”. International Edition. 1992. ISBN : 0070353964. Me Grow-Hill
2. Jordan, E.C. “Electromagnetic Concepts and Applications” International Edition. Prentice-Hall
3. Marshall S.V. “Electromagnetic Concepts and Applications” International Edition 1990. ISBN : 0132509601. Prentice-Hall
4. Richard I. Coren, “Basic Engineering Electromagnetic (An Applied Approach)”. Prentice-Hall international Edition. 1990. ISBN : 0130603691.
5. William. H. Hayat “Engineering Electromagnetic” ISBN : 007230424-3